On the emergence of cooperative behavior 🙂
Though much existing research on these issues emphasises the “cultural” origins of social norms including differences in the extent of trust between different societies or different parts of the same nation, social norms are not cast in stone and do change.
Locke (2002), for instance, provides examples both from the south of Italy and the northeast of Brazil, where starting from conditions similar to those emphasised by Banfield in the south of Italy, trust and cooperation appear to have emerged.
A very long period of lack of collective action led many commentators and social scientists to conclude that collective political action, particularly in favour of democracy, were inconsistent with the cultural values of the Middle East. Yet, many countries in the region are now in the midst of highly coordinated protests and associated changes in social norms…
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